Pyometra and Its Treatment
Getting a sweet little puppy is one of the greatest joys in life. No one can resist a squishy little face that licks and snuggles. Puppies become adults and those adults, left unaltered, make more and more and more puppies. As we all know, our cup of unwanted dogs running over. To further complicate the matter, an unaltered female is at risk for a devastating disease called Pyometra. Pyometra is an infection of the canine or feline uterus. This can be a life-threatening illness. In technical terms, it is chronic purulent inflammation of the uterus. Pyometra usually develops as a result of the hormonal changes in the reproductive organs. After heat, (oestrus,) a dog’s progesterone levels remain in an elevated state for two or more months. The lining of the uterus thickens awaiting pregnancy. These conditions are ripe for an infection if pregnancy does not take place.
The are two types of Pyometra. There is Open Pymometra and it named so because the cervix stays open and the infection can drain from the uterus via the vagina. One of the clear signs Pyometra may be present is the purulent discharge coming from the dog’s vulva. Closed Pyometra happens when the cervix is sealed and the infection cannot drain. Closed Pyometra will progress much quicker and is more serious because the infectious fluid continues to accumulate. When bacteria is introduced into the progesterone and estrogen fueled uterus, the hormonal alliance will facilitate the growth of the bacteria, leading to infection. In the case of Pyometra, a potentially fatal infection. Hormone injections, poor hygiene after birth, and urinary tract infections can also contribute to Pyometra. Although it usually occurs in females over six, it can happen at any age. And contrary to popular belief by breeders, dogs who have given birth are not exempt from getting Pyometra.
If a dog does not receive immediate treatment, it will most often be fatal. The toxic uterus can rupture and spread the bacteria throughout the body, the organs can shutdown due to the infection, and either way, it is an extremely painful way for a dog to go out. Medications can work, but recurrence is possible for each cycle. The only true solve is getting the dog surgically altered before her next heat. It is a far less expensive route for the human and far less painful and dangerous for the dog.
If you are struggling with finding the money to fix your dog, some cities have low cost spay/neuter clinics, and some cities offer the service for free. If you want your dog free from the risks associated with pregnancy, an unwanted pregnancy, or Pyometra then the spay is best. Contact your local animal shelter, a friend’s veterinarian, or any local pet adoption agency. People who loves animals are always willing to help curb the population and save a dog from a cruel end from a devastating disease.